- About this book
- Online Library of Liberty
- The Theory and Practice of Online Learning: 2nd edition
- Will impacts of the networked, automated world be mostly positive?
Just Call Me Mike. Mike Farrell. Joe Tone. Riding with Reagan. John R. Alternative Truths. Bob Brown. Cries in the Night. Leland Gregory. To Alcatraz, Death Row, and Back. Escape from Ensenada. Harris T. Stephen Paddock and the Las Vegas Massacre. The Dangerous Divide. Peter Eichstaedt. Fired and Forgotten. Grey Man. Red Bishop One.
About this book
David Chacko. Carlton Stowers. What Happened To Flynn. Pat Muir. Because he is the leader of five which is excluded from committing slaughter under a cairde ["treaty"] until the end of a month, to avenge the dishonouring of a kingdom from which a person has recently been slain. Provided they do not do so before the end of the month, they go [to obtain redress] in the treaty-kingdom and their protection does not lie with him there.
However, could this commando-style operation exacerbate tensions between kingdoms or fuel dynastic feuds? For it is more fitting in the sight of God to repudiate them than to protect them. So was there a better way to handle interterritorial disputes when dynastic politics and elite members of society were directly involved? These were edicts enacted by the most powerful kings and ecclesiastics throughout Ireland, along with their subordinates, and were designed to function between kingdoms, and sometimes even between entire provinces.
It may well be that these edicts were partly intended as church-mediated legislation to deal with interterritorial issues even when contentious dynastic politics came into play.
Online Library of Liberty
This is particularly true in the case of macroeconomics, the branch that informs the budgetary and monetary policies of a country. To start with, it should incorporate gender relations in economic analysis given gender norms form an important basis for social relations. Not all decisions in the household are amenable to the rationalistic point of view. There is substantial international evidence that supports the observation that the burden of unpaid care falls more on women, in both developing and developed countries.
In , OECD data showed that women spend on average between three to six hours on unpaid care activities, while men spend between 0. In OECD countries, women spend about 2. Any rethinking of economics must recognise that the invisible hand of the market rests on care and that capitalism uses and reinforces patriarchy for its sustenance The unequal burden of unpaid care work on women adversely affects their ability to take part in the labour market and impacts on the type and quality of employment available to them.
- Book reviews.
- The E-Writing Experiences of Literary Authors?
- Richard Artschwager! by Show On Show - Issuu!
- The Place Will Comfort You: Stories;
- Heaven Can Wait (Dutch Country Brides Book 1).
- The Heretic Magazine - Volume 2;
Women are more likely to take up part-time work, often in vulnerable employment. The Sustainable Development Goals SDG , adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in , articulates the explicit goal of achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls with a specific target to recognise and reduce the unequal burden of unpaid care work of women.
The SDGs further stress the importance of macroeconomic policies as a crucial enabler of gender equality and recommends that economic policymakers recognise and value unpaid care work of women. However, the gender-blind macroeconomic models do not have the means to identify the adverse dynamic between economic growth and gender inequality, and their policies can indeed lead to a reinforcement of gender inequalities.
For macroeconomics to stay relevant, it must recognise the role of gender norms and social relations in economic decision-making at both household and community level. Any rethinking of economics must recognise that the invisible hand of the market rests on care and that capitalism uses and reinforces patriarchy for its sustenance.
Initially developed by PublicPolicy. We've used date from here to create the summary table below and the following findings. But across the 31 local authorities, there are sizeable differences in terms of how much councils spend per person. In contrast, all local authorities experienced reductions in current and even more so in capital spending between the local elections of and , coinciding with the years of austerity.
Funding sources also differ, reflecting differences in tax bases and economic activity. Take, for example, the two Galway councils and consider the shares of revenue income in rates and in grants as indicators of autonomy and dependency. This difference between rural and urban councils is countrywide, with the more urban densely populated councils able to rely more on own-source incomes such as commercial rates, retained local property tax LPT and user charges, resulting in a greater degree of fiscal autonomy for these councils, while the rural less populated county councils have to depend more on central government grants to provide local public services.
In Ireland, income from these business taxes is used as a balancing item to equalise budgeted expenditures with budgeted income from all other revenue sources, to ensure the local balanced budget rule is met. What is interesting is the cross-council variation in the ARV, as is evident in the table. For those local councils that have not revalued the commercial rates base recently, the ARV ranges from Where local councils have undertaken a recent revaluation of industrial and commercial properties liable for commercial rates, the ARV ranges from 0.
Similarly, Dublin City Council is the lead local authority in the Dublin region for homeless services operating a shared service arrangement via the Dublin Region Homeless Executive , and for the fire service. This is important when comparing expenditure data across the four Dublin councils. Given the variations in the profile, circumstances and choices of the different areas and their constituents, these cross-council differences in budget income and spending are not unexpected. In the run-up to these local elections we urge voters to use the website to get a breakdown of their local council income and spending and how it compares to other councils and the national average.
Author: Dr Liam Morrison, Earth and Ocean Sciences Analysis: large amounts of seaweed biomass produce negative consequences for both ecosystem and human activities One of the main human pressures affecting European coastal ecosystems is nutrient over-enrichment as a consequence of human activities. Reduction in nutrient loading is considered the main remediation action. Nutrient over-enrichment became an important issue in Europe after industrialisation and the increased use of commercially available artificial fertilisers following the Second World War.
Estuarine environments are particularly susceptible to nutrient over-enrichment and other pollutants as a consequence of the smaller size of these water bodies, their relatively lower flushing rates and because they are the primary receptor of land based contaminants which enter through rivers. The development of opportunistic macroalgal blooms or seaweed tides which occur in many parts of the world are a clear indicator of nutrient enrichment in estuaries. Macroalgal blooms do not pose a direct health risk, but the accumulation and subsequent degradation of large amounts of seaweed biomass over short periods of time produce negative consequences for the ecosystem and shore-based human activities.
For instance, biomass degradation as a result of bacterial breakdown and decay in estuaries dominated by large seaweed tides can consume most of the oxygen in the water.
They also release toxic compounds which in turn impact on fish, shellfish and other species and organisms crucial for ecosystem functioning and services. The cost of lost ecosystem services are likely much greater and difficult to accurately determine in monetary terms. Cork estuaries.
The Theory and Practice of Online Learning: 2nd edition
These estuaries fail to meet the criteria for "Good Ecological Status" as part of the process for assessment and monitoring of macroalgal blooms under our obligations for the EU Water Framework Directive. The percentage of the estuary affected by macroalgal tides and the biomass abundances recorded during peak bloom conditions are considerably higher than the regulatory requirements, suggesting potentially significant harmful effects on organisms and ecosystem. But other indicators related to the monitoring of the environmental quality in this estuary such as dissolved oxygen in the water revealed a lower incidence of lower oxygen concentrations in the seawater and hence the improvement in water quality.
Gathering research data at the Tolka estuary in Dublin The addition of nutrients to Irish estuaries arises from a combination of current loadings and potential reservoirs e. Considering this, a reduction in current nutrient loadings may not result in an instantaneous reduction in the occurrence of opportunistic macroalgal blooms. It is worth noting that recovery of natural ecosystems is often slower in terms of time period than the processes that actually lead to the degradation in the first instance.
For example, a community shifts from seagrass meadows to macroalgal or microalgal tides in estuarine environments as a result of human-induced nutrient inputs has been reported to occur over relatively short periods of time, while the recovery of seagrass meadows is much slower. This can have important negative effects in the natural goods and services that estuaries provide, such as the provision of habitat for organisms and nutrient and carbon sequestration. The release of nutrients from agricultural practices is already a significant source of surface water pollution, and is potentially predicted to increase with a greater demand for food associated with global population growth.
Will impacts of the networked, automated world be mostly positive?
It is likely that these issues will result in increased nutrient over-enrichment and hence increased incidence and severity of macroalgal blooms as predicted by EPA modelling approaches and direct observations elsewhere in the world. The release of nutrients from agricultural practices is already a significant source of surface water pollution Although nutrient enrichment is a necessary prerequisite for the development of macroalgal blooms, other factors such as temperature, salinity or the pool of opportunistic species capable of blooming control seaweed tide development and severity.
This increase was not related to greater nutrient loading, but as a consequence of the arrival of an alien species from Japan Agarophycum vermiculophyllum, previously known as Gracilaria vermiculophylla as confirmed using molecular identification techniques. The Sea-MAT project also discovered that green tides affecting Irish estuaries are multispecific comprised of many species and not monospecific just one species as previously thought. This could have important consequences for bloom persistence, nutrient enrichment and storage in sediments, and ultimately effective management strategies.
In subsequent years, Gaelic games have repeatedly provided filmmakers with a resonant motif to represent perceived aspects of Irish identity, perceived as these representations have been neither straightforward nor unproblematic. In international productions in particular, Gaelic games have been employed on occasion as a short hand for regressive stereotypes associated with Irish people, including their alleged propensity for violence.
From the late s onwards, a critical turn became evident in these homegrown productions, though contemporary depictions of Gaelic games still occasionally reveal the more problematic stereotypes associated with Ireland and Irish identity. The surviving footage from these companies — of which there are fortunately a significant number of examples — provides an important record of Gaelic games in these years, and some of the finest players from both codes. However, their presentation sometimes reveals prejudiced perspectives and a limited understanding among producers of the games being filmed.
follow url Featuring leading Cork hurlers of the time and games from the hurling championship, Three Kisses is a fascinating rendering of hurling, Ireland and Irishness from a Hollywood perspective. By the s, references to hurling and hurlers in particular featured in a range of feature films, including The Quiet Man , The Rising of the Moon and Young Cassidy , all work by the legendary and multiple Oscar-winning Irish-American director John Ford. Indeed, for those who watch these sports on TV or attend major games in Croke Park today, significant parallels exist with the history of cinematic depictions of these sports, both in the manner in which games are televised for broadcast and the in-stadium experience itself, complemented today by the relaying of action on the pitch onto the two permanent big-screens in the stadium.
While television is undoubtedly the key medium for contemporary moving image depictions of Gaelic games, these representations are nonetheless indebted to the extraordinary legacy of the cinema and cinematic depictions of these sports. This can cause exclusion and inequality in healthcare, employment and society.
It promotes stereotypes that people in bigger bodies are lazy, weak-willed or lack intelligence. This is linked with physiological and psychological health risks and leads to patients not seeking help.